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Developing Sound Exposure Criteria for Fishes

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Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB,volume 875)


In assessing the impact of aquatic developments, it is important to evaluate whether accompanying underwater sounds might have adverse effects on fishes. Risk assessment can then be used to evaluate new and existing technologies for effective prevention, control, or mitigation of impacts. It is necessary to know the levels of sound that may cause potential harm to different species from different sources as well as those levels that are likely to be of no consequence. The development and use of impact criteria are still at an early stage for fishes.


  • Sound
  • Behavior
  • Impact
  • Injury
  • Pile driving

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2981-8_51
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Correspondence to Anthony D. Hawkins .

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Hawkins, A.D., Popper, A.N. (2016). Developing Sound Exposure Criteria for Fishes. In: Popper, A., Hawkins, A. (eds) The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 875. Springer, New York, NY.

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