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Predicting Anthropogenic Noise Contributions to US Waters

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The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II


To increase understanding of the potential effects of chronic underwater noise in US waters, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) organized two working groups in 2011, collectively called “CetSound,” to develop tools to map the density and distribution of cetaceans (CetMap) and predict the contribution of human activities to underwater noise (SoundMap). The SoundMap effort utilized data on density, distribution, acoustic signatures of dominant noise sources, and environmental descriptors to map estimated temporal, spatial, and spectral contributions to background noise. These predicted soundscapes are an initial step toward assessing chronic anthropogenic noise impacts on the ocean’s varied acoustic habitats and the animals utilizing them.

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We are grateful for the financial support for this effort that was provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Navy, and Bureau of Ocean Energy Management to Heat, Light and Sound Research, Inc., and for additional funding provided by Dokumentes des Meeres to C. Kappel. In addition, we are grateful to the Cumulative Effects Working Group (convened by University of California, Santa Barbara) and JASCO Applied Sciences for providing access to modeling results from the Beaufort Sea. Finally, we thank all working group participants (Leila Hatch and Brandon Southall, cochairs, Rex Andrew, Ronald Brinkman, Christopher Clark, Christian de Moustier, Kurt Fristrup, Shane Guan, Jason Gedamke, Laurel Henderson, Brian Hooker, Carrie Kappel, David Moretti, Michael Porter, Roberto Racca, and Amy Scholik-Schlomer) for the time and enthusiasm they have provided for this effort.

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Correspondence to Jason Gedamke .

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Gedamke, J. et al. (2016). Predicting Anthropogenic Noise Contributions to US Waters. In: Popper, A., Hawkins, A. (eds) The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 875. Springer, New York, NY.

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