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Part of the Waste Management Principles and Practice book series (WMPP)


Cost considerations are one of the most important features in landfill planning and management. This chapter presents a series of examples of how traditional landfill costs and benefits can be impacted by sustainable landfilling operations. In particular, a discussion including the types of costs (e.g., leachate management, gas recovery, and reuse) and likely or potential magnitude of costs and benefits of sustainable landfilling is presented. The reader is given multiple tools to guide the site-specific decision-making process associated with implementing sustainable landfilling of which include liquids management, gas management, and airspace recovery. A conceptual discussion of social costs is provided, in addition to economic considerations after the landfill closes, including how post-closure care plans (and timing) and landfill reclamation can affect life-cycle costs.


  • Landfill
  • Bioreactor
  • Economics
  • Capital
  • Operation

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Townsend, T.G., Powell, J., Jain, P., Xu, Q., Tolaymat, T., Reinhart, D. (2015). Economics. In: Sustainable Practices for Landfill Design and Operation. Waste Management Principles and Practice. Springer, New York, NY.

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