Slope Stability

  • Timothy G. Townsend
  • Jon Powell
  • Pradeep Jain
  • Qiyong Xu
  • Thabet Tolaymat
  • Debra Reinhart
Part of the Waste Management Principles and Practice book series (WMPP)


Similar to leachate management considerations, the implementation of liquids addition as part of sustainable landfilling can impact the properties and behavior of landfilled waste. One key aspect that the designer must consider is the impact to above-grade slope stability. Fundamentals of slope stability are first presented followed by a discussion of the factors related to landfills practicing liquids addition. A series of slope stability simulations are presented in the context of different liquids management scenarios, and the role that factors such as injection pressure and LCRS drainage are illustrated. A series of charts providing necessary setback distances are presented to give the designer a sense of pressure limitations when liquids are added near side slopes.


Landfill Leachate Slope Stability Failure Slide Recirculation 


  1. Abramson LW, Lee TS, Sharma S, Boyce GM (2002) Slope stability and stabilization methods. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Blight G (2008) Slope failures in municipal solid waste dumps and landfills: a review. Waste Manag Res 26:448–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Das B (2005) Fundamentals of geotechnical engineering, 2nd edn. Thomson Canada, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  4. Duncan JM, Wright SG (2005) Soil strength and slope stability. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. GeoSlope International Ltd (2007) GeoStudio, version 7, build 4840. Geo-Slope International, CalgaryGoogle Scholar
  6. Gunaratne M (2006) The foundation engineering handbook. Taylor & Francis, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  7. Hendron DM, Fernandez, G, Prommer PJ, Giroud JP, Orozco LF (1999) Investigation of the cause of the 27 September 1997 slope failure at the Dona Juana landfill. In: Proceedings of the Sardinia’99 seventh international waste management and landfill symposium, Cagliari, p 545–554Google Scholar
  8. Koerner R (2005) Designing with geosynthetics. Pearson Education, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  9. Koerner RM, Soong TY (2000) Leachate in landfills: the stability issues. Geotext Geomembr 18(5):293–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Krahn J (2007) Stability modeling with SLOPE/W 2007: an engineering methodology, 2nd edn. GEO-SLOPE International, CalgaryGoogle Scholar
  11. Landva A, Dickinson S (2012) Landslides in landfills. Int Soc Soil Mech Geotech Eng Bull 6(1):10–18Google Scholar
  12. Liu C, Evett JB (2001) Soils and foundations. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  13. McCreanor PT, Reinhart DR (1999) Hydrodynamic modeling of leachate recirculating landfills. Waste Manag Res 17:465–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Merry SM, Fritz WU, Budhu M, Jesionek K (2006) Effect of gas on pore pressures in wet landfills. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 132(5):553–561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pockoski M, Duncan JM (2000) Comparison of computer programs for analysis of reinforced slopes. Center for Geotechnical Practice and Research, Virginia Tech, BlacksburgGoogle Scholar
  16. Stark TD, Eid HT, Evans WD, Sherry PE (2000) Municipal solid waste slope failure. II. Stability analyses. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 126(5):408–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Thiel RS, Christie M (2005) Leachate recirculation and potential concerns on landfill stability. In: Proceedings of the NAGS 2005/ GRI 19 conference,, JupiterGoogle Scholar
  18. Xu Q, Tolaymat T, Townsend T (2012) Impact of pressurized liquids addition on landfill slope stability. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng ASCE 138(4):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Xu Q, Jain P, Tolaymat T, Townsend T (2014) Setback distance for landfill liquid addition devices: Slope stability considerations. Unpublished manuscriptGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy G. Townsend
    • 1
  • Jon Powell
    • 2
  • Pradeep Jain
    • 2
  • Qiyong Xu
    • 3
  • Thabet Tolaymat
    • 4
  • Debra Reinhart
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences Engineering School of Sustainable Infrastructure and EnvironmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Innovative Waste Consulting Services, LLCGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Peking University Shenzhen Graduate SchoolShenzhenChina
  4. 4.U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyCincinnatiUSA
  5. 5.Department of Civil, Environmental and Construction EngineeringUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

Personalised recommendations