Principles of Imaging Lung Disease
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Imaging plays a key role in the evaluation of disease of the thorax. Not only is it used to document the presence or absence of disease but also to guide the diagnostic work-up, select the most appropriate site and pathway to obtain pathologic material, and in some cases provide a definitive diagnosis. Inherent in this is a need to understand the value of the important diagnostic tests and variants, the nomenclature and lexicon of the report, and the ability to resolve discrepancies between imaging and pathology when they arise. A multidisciplinary approach is critical particularly when imaging and/or pathologic findings are indeterminate. This chapter reviews the most relevant imaging techniques and the terminology associated with imaging findings.
KeywordsComputed tomography Secondary pulmonary lobule Interstitial lung disease Pulmonary nodule Mediastinum Pleura