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Engineering Meganuclease for Precise Plant Genome Modification

  • Fayza Daboussi
  • Thomas J. Stoddard
  • Feng Zhang

Abstract

Meganucleases, also termed homing endonucleases, are rare-cutting enzymes that are encoded within the genome of nearly all microbes. These enzymes recognize and cleave long DNA sequences (typically 18–30 base pairs) generating double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs). The resulting DSBs can be repaired by different pathways leading to a variety of site-specific DNA modifications, such as insertions, deletions, or point mutations. Over the past 15 years tremendous efforts have been made to engineer a number of variant meganucleases that cleave novel DNA targets. Engineered meganucleases are now being used to generate targeted genomic modifications for a variety of basic and biotechnology applications, including creating valuable traits in crop species.

Keywords

Meganuclease Sequence-specific nucleases Targeted mutagenesis Homologous gene targeting Precise genome engineering 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fayza Daboussi
    • 1
  • Thomas J. Stoddard
    • 1
  • Feng Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Cellectis Plant Sciences Inc.New BrightonUSA

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