The Waqf and Human Security in Muslim Majority Countries: Traditions, Modern Practices, and Challenges

Part of the Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies book series (NCSS)


This chapter provides a critical overview of awqaf (Muslim religious endowments) and their social security supporting activities by exploring its current status in the law and society as well as in matters relating to social and human security. It deals with questions like how and why has it changed over the years? What has been the impact? The first section of the chapter provides an overview of awaqf in Muslim communities (including the concepts and features; the characteristics and classification; and the legal framework and management of awqaf), while the second deals with issues relating to waqf and human security. This section concludes that the waqf has a long legal and social tradition of offering human security services in the fields of education, health, and urban utilities; but due to misappropriation (primarily by certain private awqaf), and poor governance (primarily because of the traditional mutawalli primacy in the management), the glorious past of awqaf as a provider of vital human security services has, of late, got somewhat tainted. The chapter, inter alia, concludes that the role and likelihood of the existing waqf laws in maximising the potential contribution of awqaf in all aspects of human security are undermined by low governmental will and inadequate facilitative support.


Waqf law Waqf Private and public waqf Cash waqf Mutawalli Education Health Shelter Social and human security 


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Development StudiesUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh

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