Space Crew Health Monitoring
In NASA’s strategy for continued expeditions human explorers are expected to undertake long duration missions which will increase the requirement for maintaining good health in instances of extreme conditions including higher radiation exposure and lower gravity environment. These circumstances pose greater challenges to the astronaut such as metabolic stress, decompressions sickness and radiation exposure. To support the health and performance of the astronaut there is an essential need to monitor their status in the space suit. In this paper a prototype low-power, wireless physiological monitoring system (VPack) is presented. Multiple non-invasive sensors are integrated into a wearable device that can be used to monitor the health and wellness of space suit occupant during extra vehicular activities (EVA). The integrated software and hardware interoperability capabilities are outlined here with inclusion of medical informatics and wireless network communication.
KeywordsWireless Sensor Network Medium Access Control International Space Station Enhance Distribute Channel Access Space Suit
This project was supported under a coop agreement grant with the Space Partnership Development division of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL. We acknowledge valuable input of content and expert consultation from Dr. Benhaddou in preparing this manuscript.
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