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Opioid Overdose and Withdrawal

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Abstract

The rate of exposure to analgesics including opioids and sedatives continues to rise each year. Rates of opioid abuse and deaths due to overdose are highest among non-Hispanic whites males, between 20 and 64 years old, from low socioeconomic and rural populations.

Keywords

  • Morphine
  • Codeine
  • Hydromorphone
  • Oxycodone
  • Hydrocodone
  • Methadone
  • Tramadol
  • Fentanyl
  • Naloxone
  • Opioid overdose symptoms
  • Opioid overdose treatment
  • Opioid withdrawal symptoms
  • Methadone
  • Buprenorphine
  • Opioid withdrawal treatment

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Abbreviations

ABG:

Arterial blood gases

BMP:

Basic metabolic panel

CBC:

Complete blood count

CNS:

Central nervous system

CVA:

Cerebrovascular accident

CXR:

Chest X-ray

Cx:

Culture

EKG:

Electrocardiogram

GI:

Gastrointestinal

HEENT:

Head, eyes, ears, neck, throat

IM:

Intramuscular

IV:

Intravenous

O2 :

Oxygen

PCP:

Phencyclidine

prn:

As needed

UA:

Urinalysis

UTOX:

Urine toxicology

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Correspondence to Geet Paul M.D. .

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Paul, G. (2015). Opioid Overdose and Withdrawal. In: Sackheim, K. (eds) Pain Management and Palliative Care. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2462-2_7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2462-2_7

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4939-2461-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4939-2462-2

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