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Abstract

The rate of exposure to analgesics including opioids and sedatives continues to rise each year. Rates of opioid abuse and deaths due to overdose are highest among non-Hispanic whites males, between 20 and 64 years old, from low socioeconomic and rural populations.

Keywords

Morphine Codeine Hydromorphone Oxycodone Hydrocodone Methadone Tramadol Fentanyl Naloxone Opioid overdose symptoms Opioid overdose treatment Opioid withdrawal symptoms Methadone Buprenorphine Opioid withdrawal treatment 

Abbreviations

ABG

Arterial blood gases

BMP

Basic metabolic panel

CBC

Complete blood count

CNS

Central nervous system

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident

CXR

Chest X-ray

Cx

Culture

EKG

Electrocardiogram

GI

Gastrointestinal

HEENT

Head, eyes, ears, neck, throat

IM

Intramuscular

IV

Intravenous

O2

Oxygen

PCP

Phencyclidine

prn

As needed

UA

Urinalysis

UTOX

Urine toxicology

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineMount Sinai Medical CenterBrooklynUSA

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