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Topical Analgesic Medications

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Abstract

Topical agents have become a commonly used treatment modality in chronic pain management. The use of these agents continues to grow, largely due to the increasing variety of medications available for topical use and their limited side effect profile. This chapter will address some of the more commonly used topical agents.

Keywords

  • Chronic pain
  • Topical analgesics
  • Compounded topical agents
  • Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
  • Post-herpetic neuralgia
  • Complex regional pain syndrome
  • Neuropathic pain
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Capsaicin
  • Substance P
  • Local anesthetic
  • Lidocaine patch
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
  • Methylsalicylate
  • Diclofenac
  • Doxepin
  • Dimethyl sulfoxide

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Abbreviations

Ca++ :

Calcium

CRPS:

Complex regional pain syndrome

DMSO:

Dimethyl sulfoxide

DPN:

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy

EMLA:

Eutectic mixture of local anesthetics

FDA:

Food & Drug Administration

G6PD:

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase

GABA:

Gamma amino butyric acid

Na+ :

Sodium

NMDA:

N-methyl d-aspartate

NSAID:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

PHN:

Post-herpetic neuralgia

TCA:

Tricyclic antidepressant

TRP:

Transient receptor potential

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Correspondence to Russell K. McAllister M.D., D.A.B.P.M. .

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McAllister, R.K., Burnett, C.J. (2015). Topical Analgesic Medications. In: Sackheim, K. (eds) Pain Management and Palliative Care. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2462-2_15

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2462-2_15

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

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