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Muscle Relaxants and Antispasticity Medications

  • Alan David KayeEmail author
  • Laurie E. Daste

Abstract

Muscle relaxant medications are chosen based upon their symptomatic need, side effect profile, and tolerability. Often patients with a primary pain issue may experience secondary muscle spasm; therefore, practitioners sometimes use muscle relaxants concurrently with other medications to adequately treat their patient’s pain.

Keywords

Muscle relaxants Chlorzoxazone Meprobamate Carisprodol Cyclobenzaprine Metaxalone Orphenadrine Methocarbamol Tizanidine Diazepam Baclofen Dantrolene 

Abbreviations

CBC

Complete blood count

CNS

Central nervous system

COOMBs

Indirect and Direct Antiglobulin testing

GABA

Gamma-aminobutyric acid

IV

Intravenous

LFT

Liver function tests

MAOI

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors

NMDA

N-Methyl-d-aspartate

TCAs

Tricyclic antidepressants

References

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    Simon O, Yelnik AP. Managing spasticity with drugs. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2010;46:401–10.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyInterim LSU Hospital and Ochsner Kenner HospitalNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyInterim LSU Hospital and Ochsner Kenner HospitalNew OrleansUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyOchsner Medical CenterNew OrleansUSA

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