Sleep Disorders

  • Larry E. DavisEmail author
  • Sarah Pirio Richardson


This chapter begins with a discussion of normal sleep and the stages of sleep. The importance of circadian rhythms and the normal sleep cycle follows with a discussion of the effect of light on the suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus and pineal gland. This chapter then discusses insomnia and general disturbances of sleep, obstructive sleep apnea and chronic headaches, narcolepsy and cataplexy, and restless leg syndrome with attention to their pathophysiology, major clinical features, major laboratory findings, and principles of management and prognosis.


Insomnia Sleep Rapid eye movement sleep Nonrapid eye movement sleep Circadian rhythm clocks Obstructive sleep apnea Narcolepsy Cataplexy Restless leg syndrome 

Recommended Reading

  1. Squire LR, Bloom FE, Spitzer NC, et al. Fundamental neuroscience, 3rd edn. 2008; Amsterdam: Academic Press. (Comprehensive review of circadian rhythms and sleep wakefulness)Google Scholar
  2. Siegel JM. The neurobiology of sleep. Semin Neurol. 2009;29:277–96. (Comprehensive review of the complexities of sleep)Google Scholar
  3. Pevet P, Challet E. Melatonin: both master clock output and internal time-giver in the circadian clocks network. J Physiol-Paris 2011;105:170–82. (Good review of melatonin and the pineal gland in control of circadian rhythms)Google Scholar
  4. Reading PJ. Sleep disorders in neurology. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr. 2010;10:300–9. (Brief overall review of sleep disorders)Google Scholar
  5. Cao M. Advances in narcolepsy. Med Clin N Am. 2010;94:541–55. (Excellent review of clinical features, pathophysiology, and management of narcolepsy)Google Scholar
  6. Trenkwalder C, Paulus W. Restless legs syndrome: pathophysiology, clinical presentation and management. Nature Rev Neurol. 2010;6:337–46. (Nice review of restless legs syndrome)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chief Neurology ServiceDistinguished Professor of Neurology New Mexico VA Health Care SystemAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Department of Neurology Health Sciences CenterUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

Personalised recommendations