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The Neuroscience of Bilingualism: Cross-Linguistic Influences and Cognitive Effects

  • Emily L. Coderre
Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP)

Abstract

Coderre reviews the cognitive and neural effects of bilingualism, beginning with an overview of how and where language is processed in the monolingual brain, and then extending this to multiple languages in the bilingual brain. Cross-linguistic effects of bilingualism are specifically discussed, including how a bilingual’s two languages can interact with each other during production and comprehension, and how these interactions can lead to facilitation or interference in processing. Coderre also discusses the cognitive advantages and disadvantages of bilingualism. In particular, bilinguals have a delay in lexical processing speed but have an increase in the efficiency of cognitive control.

Coderre concludes by discussing how the neuroscience of bilingualism could impact intercultural relations by improving second-language education. Examples are provided to demonstrate how previous findings could be used to change language instruction and how neuroscience could be used to insure appropriate learning goals are being met.

Keywords

Bilingualism Neuroscience Cross-linguistic effects Orthography 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cognitive Neurology/Neuropsychology, Department of NeurologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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