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The Scientific Method

  • Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller
  • Jordan Smoller
Chapter

Abstract

The whole point of science is to uncover the “truth.” How do we go about deciding something is true? We have two tools at our disposal to pursue scientific inquiry:

Keywords

Null Hypothesis Heart Attack Inductive Inference Puerperal Fever Deductive Inference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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    Popper KR: The Logic of Scientific Discovery. New York: Harper and Row, 1959.MATHGoogle Scholar
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    Weed DL: On the Logic of Causal Inference. American Journal of Epidemiology, 123(6):965–979, 1985.Google Scholar
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    Goodman SN, Royall R: Evidence and Scientific Research. AJPH, 78(12):1568–1574, 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Susser M: Rules of Inference in Epidemiology. In: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Chapter 6, pp. 116–128. New York: Academic Press, 1986.Google Scholar
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    Brown HI: Perception, Theory and Commitment: The New Philosophy of Science. Chicago: Precedent, 1977.Google Scholar
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    Hill AB: and Hill ID, Bradford Hill’s Principles of Medical Statistics, Hodder Education Publishers, 1991Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Feinstein AR, Principles of Medical Statistics, New York; Chapman and Hall/CRC, 2001Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller
    • 1
  • Jordan Smoller
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EpidemiologyAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Center for Human Genetic ResearchMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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