Bivariate Lorenz Curves Based on the Sarmanov–Lee Distribution

Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 114)


The extension of the univariate Lorenz curve to higher dimensions is not an obvious task. In this chapter, using the definition proposed by Arnold (Pareto Distributions. International Co-operative Publishing House, Fairland (1983)), closed expressions for the bivariate Lorenz curve are given, assuming that the underlying bivariate income distribution belong to the class of bivariate distributions with given marginals described by Sarmanov (Doklady Sov. Math. 168, 596–599 (1966)) and Lee (Commun. Stat. A-Theory 25, 1207–1222 (1996)). The expression of the bivariate Lorenz curve can be easily interpreted as a convex linear combination of products of classical and concentrated Lorenz curves. A closed expression for the bivariate Gini index (Arnold, Majorization and the Lorenz durve. In: Lecture Notes in Statistics, vol. 43. Springer, New York (1987)) in terms of the classical and concentrated Gini indices of the marginal distributions is given. This index can be decomposed in two factors, corresponding to the equality within and between variables. A specific model Pareto marginal distributions is studied. Other aspects are briefly discussed.


Probability Density Function Gini Index Lorenz Curve Joint Probability Density Function Closed Expression 
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The authors thank to Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (project ECO2010-15455) and Ministerio de Educación (FPU AP-2010-4907) for partial support.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EconomicsUniversity of CantabriaSantanderSpain

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