Context and NLP

Chapter

Abstract

Early Natural Language Processing (NLP) endeavors often employed contextual cues as supplemental assistive measures—secondary sources of data to help understand its users’ linguistic inputs. Context was used more as a tie-breaking tool rather than as a central component in conversational negotiation. Recent work in context-based reasoning has inspired a paradigm shift from these context-assisted techniques to context-centric NLP systems. This evolution of context’s role in NLP is necessary to support today’s sophisticated Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) applications, such as personal digital assistants, language tutors, and question answering systems. In these applications, there is a strong sense of utilitarian, purpose-driven conversation. Such an emphasis on goal-oriented behavior requires that the underlying NLP methods be capable of navigating through a conversation at the conceptual, or contextual level. This chapter explores the natural bond between NLP and context-based methods, as it manifests itself in the context-centric paradigm. Insights and examples are provided along the way to shed light on this evolved way of engineering natural language-based HCI.

Keywords

Cage Beach Decal Clarification Plague 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Intelligent Systems LaboratoryUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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