Functional Anatomy and Imaging of the Spine

Chapter

Abstract

Painful disorders of the spine are among our most common medical complaints. Over a lifetime, 60–80 % of adults experience at least one significant episode of back pain. In a single year, 15–20 % will have back pain, and 2–5 % of the entire population will seek medical attention for back pain. Low back pain has been estimated as the fifth leading cause of all medical visits and the second leading cause of symptom-related medical visits. In the United States, the estimated annual cost of back pain is $20 billion to $50 billion. In particular, low back pain is one of the most important factors in medical costs and disability.

Keywords

Obesity Catheter Osteoporosis Cage Tuberculosis 

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Copyright information

© American Academy of Pain Medicine 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Spine Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of OrthopedicsHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain MedicineMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  4. 4.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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