Pigmentary Alterations and Benign Melanocytic Lesions of the Vulva

  • Konstantinos Linos
  • Tien Anh Nguyen Tran
  • Martin A. Sangueza
  • J. Andrew CarlsonEmail author


Pigment alterations of the vulva are quite common and due to either hypopigmentation or hyperpigmentation caused by a wide range of inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic disorders. Because of this broad range of etiologies, accurate clinical diagnosis is difficult; therefore, clinicians must have a low threshold for biopsy when the clinical features are ambiguous. In this chapter, we will review the common causes of vulvar disorders of pigmentation


Vulva Hyperpigmentation Hypopigmentation Melanosis Vitiligo Melanocytic nevus Melanotic macule Lichen sclerosus Acanthosis nigricans Atypical genital nevus Spitz nevus Blue nevus 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantinos Linos
    • 1
  • Tien Anh Nguyen Tran
    • 2
  • Martin A. Sangueza
    • 3
  • J. Andrew Carlson
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical CenterGeisel School of Medicine at DartmouthLebanonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PathologyFlorida Hospital OrlandoOrlandoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PathologyCaja Nacional de SaludLa PazBolivia
  4. 4.Department of PathologyAlbany Medical CollegeAlbanyUSA

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