The Normal Study
This chapter gives an overview of how to determine a normal urodynamic evaluation in adults and children. In order to define and assess a normal study, one must be aware of the normal values in each measurable parameter, as well as the appearance, pattern, and configuration of the graphic display, and the variability that is noted in these parameters, even in normal, asymptomatic patients. Several examples of normal urodynamic studies are given.
KeywordsDetrusor Overactivity Bladder Volume Detrusor Pressure Bladder Filling Intravesical Pressure
- 1.Hosker G, Rosier P, Gajewski J, et al. Dynamic testing. In: Abrams/Cardozo/Khoury/Wein 4th International Consultation on Incontinence. Paris: Health Publication Ltd.; 2009. p. 417–34.Google Scholar
- 10.Nitti V. Urodynamic and videourodynamic evaluation of the lower urinary tract. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, NOvick AC, Partin AW, Peters CA, editors. Campbell-Walsh urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
- 11.Blaivas JG, Chancellor M, Weiss J, Verhaaren M, editors. Atlas of urodynamics. Milton: Blackwell; 2007.Google Scholar
- 15.Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Clinical practice guideline: urinary incontinence in adults. AHPCR Pub No. 96-0682. Rockville: Dept of Health and Human Services (US), Agency for Health Care Policy and Research; 1996.Google Scholar