From 1984 to Total Information Awareness

  • Newton Lee


In April 1984, President Ronald Reagan signed the National Security Decision Directive (NSDD) 138: Combating Terrorism, which authorized the increase of intelligence collection directed against groups or states involved in terrorism (1). I was a graduate student at Virginia Tech majoring in computer science with specialization in artificial intelligence (AI).


Information Awareness American Civil Liberty Government Surveillance National Intelligence American Civil Liberty Union 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Newton Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Newton Lee Laboratories, LLCTujungaUSA

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