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Helsinki

  • Stephen Venn
  • Harry Schulman
  • Sirpa Törrönen
  • Antti Salla
  • Timo Pajunen
  • Sakari Kerppola
  • Juho Paukkunen
  • Marko Nieminen
  • Ferenc Vilisics
  • Sami Karjalainen
Chapter

Abstract

Helsinki is located on a peninsula projecting into the Baltic Sea from the south coast of Finland. The country lies in the Boreal region, which is typified by the mixed coniferous forests, although Helsinki itself is located in a narrow strip of the hemiboreal zone, which also has noble deciduous forest, similar to those of the temperate region. The region is also characterized by a variety of wetland habitats. Descriptions are provided of the following invertebrate taxa: Arachnida, Carabidae, Syrphidae, Apidae sensu lato, Formicidae, Isopoda, Lepidoptera and Odonata, as well as some of the habitats they occupy. The information provided is rather patchy, as the amount of data varies considerably between different taxa and habitats. The urban region contains some sites that are valuable for invertebrate diversity, regardless of their location. The characteristic features of the urban environment, such as mild climate and longer growing season, may be beneficial for some taxa.

Keywords

Green Space Butterfly Species Green Infrastructure Carabid Beetle Saproxylic Beetle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the contributions of the many entomologists who provided the data on which this chapter is based, in particular Pertti Rassi, Sampsa Malmberg, Jyrki Muona, Jaakko Kullberg, Petro Pynnönen, Jarmo Saarikivi, Jussi Mäkinen, Jari Ilmonen, Jukka Salmela and Mikko Tiusanen.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen Venn
    • 1
  • Harry Schulman
    • 2
  • Sirpa Törrönen
    • 3
  • Antti Salla
    • 4
  • Timo Pajunen
    • 5
  • Sakari Kerppola
    • 6
  • Juho Paukkunen
    • 5
  • Marko Nieminen
    • 7
  • Ferenc Vilisics
    • 8
  • Sami Karjalainen
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiEspooFinland
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Land Use and Environmental DepartmentPublic Utility Services CentreVantaaFinland
  4. 4.Environmental Protection DepartmentHelsinki City Environment CentreHelsinkiFinland
  5. 5.Zoology UnitFinnish Museum of Natural History LUOMUS, University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  6. 6.HelsinkiFinland
  7. 7.Department of BiosciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  8. 8.Urban Ecology Research Group, Faculty of Biological and Environmental SciencesUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  9. 9.KirkkonummiFinland

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