Skip to main content

Oliguria

Abstract

Oliguria is the sudden decrease in urine output – most often defined as <400 mL/day or <0.5 mL/kg/h. It may be secondary to a multitude of factors. At the nephron level, acute oliguria occurs in the setting of a decreased glomerular filtration rate (GFR). With a drop in GFR, the kidney signals for sodium and water retention, leading to resultant hyperkalemia and acidosis. Additionally decreased excretion of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen occurs due to the lower filtration rate. When oliguria progresses to acute renal failure (ARF), the postsurgical patient has an approximate 50 % mortality rate, most commonly from sepsis or multiorgan failure. Oliguria has progressed to ARF when the glomerular filtration rate drops from greater than 100 mL/min to less than 30 mL/min.

Keywords

  • Acute Renal Failure
  • Acute Tubular Necrosis
  • Acute Interstitial Nephritis
  • Ureteral Stricture
  • Juxtaglomerular Apparatus

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-1565-1_84
  • Chapter length: 3 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   139.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4939-1565-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   179.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 84.1

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2015 Springer New York

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Hooper, E.A. (2015). Oliguria. In: Saclarides, T., Myers, J., Millikan, K. (eds) Common Surgical Diseases. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1565-1_84

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-1565-1_84

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4939-1564-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4939-1565-1

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)