Pearls and Pitfalls of Botulinum Toxin and Filler Substances in the Upper Third of the Face

Chapter

Abstract

Botulinum toxin is currently the most popular aesthetic procedure for men and women. The upper third of the face is frequently treated. The risks and complications of treating three areas above the zygomatic arch are discussed. Combining fillers with toxin in these areas often provides the most successful results. Precautions about treatment and methods to avoid complications are addressed.

Keywords

Botulinum toxin Dermal fillers Upper third of face Glabella Crow’s feet Forehead Combination therapy Complications Precautions and risks 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity of California School of MedicineSan FranciscoUSA

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