Orbital Tumors pp 361-370 | Cite as

Orbital Inflammation and Infection versus Neoplasia

  • Antonio Augusto V. Cruz
  • Patricia M. Santello Akaishi


This is a unique chapter which offers clinical differential diagnoses of orbital infections and inflammations which present as space occupying lesions, masquerading benign, and malignant neoplasms in a case-oriented fashion. Different types of idiopathic orbital inflammation (orbital “pseudotumor”) which may be confused with orbital tumors in adults and children is covered in detail. Fungal infections and allergic reactions originating from the nose and paranasal sinuses may also cause difficulty in diagnosis and may be confused with aggressive orbital cancer. Usually a correct diagnosis is made in these types of patients after consideration of the entire compendium of findings, including clinical presentation, pattern of disease evolution, imaging studies, and histopathologic input.


Paranasal Sinus Infratemporal Fossa Infraorbital Nerve Inferior Rectus Pterygopalatine Fossa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Augusto V. Cruz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Patricia M. Santello Akaishi
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Departmento de Oftalmologia e Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeca e PescocoUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.King Khalid Eye Specialists HospitalRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine of Ribeirão PretoUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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