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A Self-Medication Hypothesis for Increased Vulnerability to Drug Abuse in Prenatally Restraint Stressed Rats

  • Marie-Line Reynaert
  • Jordan Marrocco
  • Eleonora Gatta
  • Jérôme Mairesse
  • Gilles Van Camp
  • Francesca Fagioli
  • Stefania Maccari
  • Ferdinando Nicoletti
  • Sara Morley-Fletcher
Part of the Advances in Neurobiology book series (NEUROBIOL, volume 10)

Abstract

Stress-related events that occur in the perinatal period can permanently change brain and behavior of the developing individual and there is increasing evidence that early-life adversity is a contributing factor in the etiology of drug abuse and mood disorders. Neural adaptations resulting from early-life stress may mediate individual differences in novelty responsiveness and in turn contribute to drug abuse vulnerability. Prenatal restraint stress (PRS) in rats is a well-documented model of early stress known to induce long-lasting neurobiological and behavioral alterations including impaired feedback mechanisms of the HPA axis, enhanced novelty seeking, and increased sensitiveness to psychostimulants as well as anxiety/depression-like behavior. Together with the HPA axis, functional alterations of the mesolimbic dopamine system and of the metabotropic glutamate receptors system appear to be involved in the addiction-like profile of PRS rats.

Keywords

Prenatal stress HPA axis Dopamine Drug abuse Depression Psychostimulants Metabotropic glutamate receptors Hippocampus 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Line Reynaert
    • 1
  • Jordan Marrocco
    • 2
  • Eleonora Gatta
    • 1
  • Jérôme Mairesse
    • 1
  • Gilles Van Camp
    • 1
  • Francesca Fagioli
    • 3
    • 4
  • Stefania Maccari
    • 1
  • Ferdinando Nicoletti
    • 1
  • Sara Morley-Fletcher
    • 1
  1. 1.International Associated Laboratory (LIA) “Prenatal Stress and Neurodegenerative Diseases”, UMR8576 University Lille 1/CNRS, Villeneuve d’AscqFrance and Sapienza University of Rome/IRCCS NeuromedPozzilliItaly
  2. 2.IRCCS Centro Neurolesi “Bonino-Pulejo”MessinaItaly
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatrySapienza University of RomeRomaItaly
  4. 4.AziendaSanitaria LocaleRM.E. Unità Operativa Complessa AdolescentRomeItaly

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