Macronutrient Recommendations: Protein, Carbohydrate, and Fat
Macronutrients, carbohydrate, protein, and fat, are required daily to provide energy for growth, maintenance, and repair of body tissues. Consumption of macronutrients for energy is driven by both physiological and psychological needs. The role of diet composition in response to overeating and energy utilization in humans is unclear, especially with severe obesity. While the most clinically significant and relatively sustainable treatment for obesity is weight loss surgery (WLS), weight loss goals may not be achieved without lifestyle changes.
This chapter will examine the role of macronutrients in energy balance and surgical weight loss, the weight loss implications of dietary macronutrient distribution, and dietary intake recommendations for weight loss and weight maintenance.
KeywordsProtein Intake Glycemic Index Glycemic Load Weight Loss Surgery Essential Fatty Acid Deficiency
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