Obesity

Chapter

Abstract

One third of the US population is considered obese, but the health issue of obesity is rapidly extending to a global epidemic. Thus, it is inevitable that acute care clinicians are to be involved in the metabolic management of hospitalized patients with obesity. Obesity compounds the metabolic and inflammatory response to critical illness and increases the risk of complications of overfeeding such as hyperglycemia, hypercapnia, and hepatic steatosis. The metabolic management of surgical patients with obesity is uniquely different from that of the nonobese patient. The scientific evidence for the use of hypocaloric, high-protein parenteral or enteral nutrition as well as practical techniques for delivering, managing, and monitoring this therapy is reviewed.

Keywords

Obesity Creatinine Pancreatitis Selenium Diarrhea 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Tennessee Health Science CenterMemphisUSA

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