Fluoroscopy and Dysphagia Outcome Measures



Clinicians have devised numerous instruments of analysis to standardize the interpretation of videofluoroscopic swallow studies (VFSS). Such instruments are useful to standardize VFSS analysis, quantify dysfunction, predict risk, and assess prognosis. The number of instruments that have been described is abundant. This chapter will review the Eating Assessment Tool, the Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS), the Penetration Aspiration Scale (PAS), the NIH-Swallowing Safety Score, the Modified Barium Swallow (MBS)-Impairment Tool (MBSImP™©), and the Davis score.


Dysphagia Fluoroscopy Technique Protocol Modified barium swallow MBS Videofluoroscopic swallow study VFSS Swallow study Swallow Outcome measures Eating Assessment Tool EAT-10 Penetration Aspiration Scale PAS NIH Swallow Safety Scale NIH-SSS 

Suggested Reading

  1. Belafsky PC, Mouadeb DA, Rees CJ, Pryor JC, Postma GN, Allen J, Leonard RJ. Validity and reliability of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2008 Dec;117(12):919 − 24.Google Scholar
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  5. Martin-Harris B, Brodsky MB, Michel Y et al. MBS measurement tool for swallow impairment–MBSImp: establishing a standard. Dysphagia. 2008 Dec;23(4):392–405.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Voice and Swallowing Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of California, Davis School of MedicineSacramentoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine and EpidemiologyUniversity of California, Davis School of Veterinary MedicineSacramentoUSA

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