Part of the MD Anderson Cancer Care Series book series (MDCCS)


As the number of cancer survivors has increased owing to more effective treatment, more attention has been placed on quality of life for these individuals. Physiatry, or physical medicine and rehabilitation, emphasizes function. Physiatrists prevent, diagnose, and treat disorders of the nervous and musculoskeletal systems. Commonly addressed issues in the cancer survivor population include neurogenic bowel, neurogenic bladder, spasticity, lymphedema, pain, and return to work. Generalized weakness and fatigue are among the most common diagnoses in patients with cancer and the most commonly addressed by physiatrists.


Cancer Survivor Botulinum Toxin Neurogenic Bladder Clean Intermittent Catheterization Cancer Rehabilitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Readings

  1. American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. What is a physiatrist? Published 2011. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  2. Andrews M. Insured but not covered. US News & World Report 2007;143(10):65–66.Google Scholar
  3. Caraceni A. Evaluation and assessment of cancer pain and cancer pain treatment. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2001;45(9):1067–1075.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Carlsen K, Dalton SO, Diderichsen F, Johansen C. Risk for unemployment of cancer survivors: a Danish cohort study. Eur J Cancer 2008;44(13):1866–1874.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Choi H, Sugar R, Fish D, Shatzer M, Krabak B. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Pocketpedia. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2006.Google Scholar
  6. Courneya KS, Friedenreich CM. Framework PEACE: an organizational model for examining physical exercise across the cancer experience. Ann Behav Med 2001;23(4):263–272.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. de Boer AGE, Taskila T, Ojajarvi A, van Dijk FJ, Verbeek JH. Cancer survivors and unemployment: a meta-analysis and meta-regression. JAMA 2009;301(7):753–762.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dietz JH Jr. Adaptive rehabilitation of the cancer patient. Curr Probl Cancer 1980;5(5):1–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fu J, Shin K. Rehabilitation. In: The M.D. Anderson Manual of Medical Oncology. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2011:1351–1365.Google Scholar
  10. Greenberg PE, Leong SA, Birnbaum HG, Robinson RL. The economic burden of depression with painful symptoms. J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64(Suppl 7):17–23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Irwin ML, Alvarez-Reeves M, Cadmus L, et al. Exercise improves body fat, lean mass, and bone mass in breast cancer survivors. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2009;17(8):1534–1541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kevorkian C. The history of cancer rehabilitation. In: Stubblefield M, O’Dell M, eds. Cancer Rehabilitation: Principles and Practice. New York: Demos Medical Publishing, 2009.Google Scholar
  13. Kim DS, Sim Y-J, Jeong HJ, Kim GC. Effect of active resistive exercise on breast cancer-related lymphedema: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2010;91(12):1844–1848.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mourtzakis M, Bedbrook M. Muscle atrophy in cancer: a role for nutrition and exercise. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2009;34(5):950–956.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nelson JE, Meier DE, Oei EJ, et al. Self-reported symptom experience of critically ill cancer patients receiving intensive care. Crit Care Med 2001;29(2):277–282.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Portela MA, Rubiales AS, Centeno C. The use of psychostimulants in cancer patients. Curr Opin Support Palliat Care 2011;5(2):164–168.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Roelen CAM, Koopmans PC, Schellart AJM, van der Beek AJ. Resuming work after cancer: a prospective study of occupational register data. J Occup Rehabil 2011;21(3):431–440.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Spelten ER, Verbeek JH, Uitterhoeve AL, et al. Cancer, fatigue and the return of patients to work—a prospective cohort study. Eur J Cancer 2003;39(11):1562–1567.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Strax T, Grabois M, Gonzalez P, Escaldi S, Cuccurullo S. Physical modalities, therapeutic exercise, extended bedrest, and aging effects. In: Cuccurullo S, ed. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Board Review. New York: Demos Medical Publishing, 2004:553–570.Google Scholar
  20. Syse A, Tretli S, Kravdal O. Cancer’s impact on employment and earnings—a population-based study from Norway. J Cancer Surviv 2008;2(3):149–158.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Taskila-Abrandt T, Pukkala E, Martikainen R, Karjalainen A, Hietanen P. Employment status of Finnish cancer patients in 1997. Psychooncology 2005;14(3):221–226.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Verbeek JH. How can doctors help their patients to return to work? PLoS Med 2006;3(3):e88.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Winningham ML, Nail LM, Burke MB, et al. Fatigue and the cancer experience: the state of the knowledge. Oncol Nurs Forum 1994;21(1):23–36.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Zeng L, Koo K, Zhang L, et al. Fatigue in advanced cancer patients attending an outpatient palliative radiotherapy clinic as screened by the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System. Support Care Cancer 2012;20(5):1037–1042.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack Fu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Palliative Care and Rehabilitation MedicineThe University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations