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Fundamentals

  • Daniele ManfrediniEmail author
  • Rosa Arboretti
  • Eleonora Carrozzo
  • Luca Guarda-Nardini
Chapter
  • 704 Downloads
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Statistics book series (BRIEFSSTATIST)

Abstract

This chapter, introductory in nature, is likely the core part of the book. It summarizes the available knowledge on temporomandibular disorders (TMD), a heterogeneous group of orofacial pain conditions that are the main subject of most investigations described and commented throughout the book. TMD are gaining attention from several medical professions, with more than 15,000 citations listed in the medline database at the end of the year 2013. This specific field of expertise is going through an epochal change because, after decades of mechanicistic approaches to their diagnosis and treatment, which were based on the correction of dental occlusion abnormalities, there is now consensus that TMD are musculoskeletal disorders requiring a multidimensional approach. Consequently, such a very complex field may reflect in several different types of investigations depending on the aims that are pursued. Also, the validity of findings is conditioned by the validity of the statistical design. In particular, several strategies can be identified to perform studies on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. In this chapter, a brief introduction to the importance of choosing the right statistical approach in the design of dental research is followed by the description of the current concepts on TMD clinics. This may serve as a fundamental basis for the readers to get through the different example investigations strategies that are described in the following chapters with more specific contents.

Keywords

Sample Size Calculation Myofascial Pain Sham Acupuncture Orofacial Pain Visual Analogue Scale Rating 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniele Manfredini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rosa Arboretti
    • 1
  • Eleonora Carrozzo
    • 1
  • Luca Guarda-Nardini
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PadovaPadovaItaly

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