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The Reality, Use and Potential for Cryopreservation of Coral Reefs

Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB,volume 753)

Abstract

Throughout the world coral reefs are being degraded at unprecedented rates. Locally, reefs are damaged by pollution, nutrient overload and sedimentation from out-dated land-use, fishing and mining practices. Globally, increased greenhouse gases are warming and acidifying oceans, making corals more susceptible to stress, bleaching and newly emerging diseases. The coupling of climate change impacts and local anthropogenic stressors has caused a widespread and well-recognized reef crisis. Although in situ conservation practices, such as the establishment and enforcement of marine protected areas, reduce these stressors and may help slow the loss of genetic diversity on reefs, the global effects of climate change will continue to cause population declines. Gamete cryopreservation has already acted as an effective insurance policy to maintain the genetic diversity of many wildlife species, but has only just begun to be explored for coral. Already we have had a great deal of success with cryopreserving sperm and larval cells from a variety of coral species. Building on this success, we have now begun to establish genetic banks using frozen samples, to help offset these threats to the Great Barrier Reef and other areas.

Keywords

  • Coral
  • Reef
  • Cryobiology
  • Cryobanking
  • Assisted reproduction
  • Invertebrate

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Fig. 13.1
Fig. 13.2

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Correspondence to Mary Hagedorn Ph.D. .

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Hagedorn, M., Spindler, R. (2014). The Reality, Use and Potential for Cryopreservation of Coral Reefs. In: Holt, W., Brown, J., Comizzoli, P. (eds) Reproductive Sciences in Animal Conservation. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol 753. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0820-2_13

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