Bionic Eyes: Vision Restoration Through Electronic or Photovoltaic Stimulation

  • Lauren N. Ayton
  • Robyn H. Guymer
  • Penelope J. Allen
  • Chi D. Luu
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)


Recent advances in the fields of medical bionics and micro-technology have enabled rapid progress in the field of visual prostheses. Once believed to be the realm of science fiction, these photovoltaic and electronic devices are showing efficacy in restoring rudimentary vision to people who are profoundly vision impaired.

Visual prostheses offer hope to many people who have severe vision loss or blindness, but the technology still is in its infancy. This chapter will outline the history, current progress and future potentials for visual prostheses.


Retinitis Pigmentosa Cochlear Implant Electrode Array Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Retinal Neuron 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Activities of daily living


Age-related macular degeneration


Artificial silicon retina


Basic assessment of light and motion


Brain-derived neurotrophic factors


Bionic vision Australia


Lateral geniculate nucleus


Quality of life


Royal College Surgeon


Retinitis pigmentosa


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lauren N. Ayton
    • 1
  • Robyn H. Guymer
    • 1
  • Penelope J. Allen
    • 1
  • Chi D. Luu
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Eye Research AustraliaThe University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear HospitalEast MelbourneAustralia

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