Skin Temperature in Lower Hind Limb Subjected to Distal Vein Arterialization in Rats

  • Tadahiro Sasajima
  • Shinsuke Kikuchi
  • Noriyuki Ishikawa
  • Tomiyasu Koyama
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 812)


Vascular surgery for distal vein arterialization (DVA) has been adopted clinically as a strategy for saving arteriosclerotic lower limbs from amputation. To gain more detailed information on DVA, the present study investigated the procedure in hind limbs of rats under isoflurane anesthesia. Since successful DVA requires destruction of venous valves, a coronary angioplasty catheter guidewire was used to destroy valves either solely in the femoral vein or in both femoral and popliteal veins. The femoral artery was then anastomosed to the femoral vein with sutures under binocular microsopic control. Changes in the distribution of skin blood flow in the hind limbs were studied with a thermal camera. Skin temperature increased in the thigh and knee after femoral venous valve destruction, but hyperthermia was observed in the distal leg and foot only when the valves in the popliteal vein were also disrupted. These results showed that increased arterial blood flow could be established by DVA surgery in both the proximal and distal regions of the hind limbs.


Arteriosclerosis obliterans Distal vein arterialization Valve destruction Thermo camera Skin temperature Coronary angioplasty guide wire 



The authors wish to express their thanks to Prof. Dr. Ian Silver and Prof. Dr. Maria Erecinska, Bristol University, for reading the manuscript and valuable suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadahiro Sasajima
    • 1
  • Shinsuke Kikuchi
    • 1
  • Noriyuki Ishikawa
    • 1
  • Tomiyasu Koyama
    • 2
  1. 1.Asahikawa Medical UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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