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Childhood Obesity: Solutions to a Growing Problem

  • Jason P. SchaubEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Common knowledge to healthcare professionals and laymen alike, obesity has reached epidemic proportions in both the adult and juvenile populations. While each constitutes serious implications for health, childhood obesity is of particular significance due to the relatively fragile state of children’s physical and psychological development. Intense research in this field has identified numerous causative factors; however, the incidence of childhood obesity continues to rise, further endangering the health of future generations. In the following chapter key risks associated with childhood obesity are discussed, accompanied with an overview of the obesogenic environment contributing to weight gain in America. The interplay between various factors associated with childhood obesity is investigated, augmented by the development of a global childhood obesity correlation model. With a cohesive understanding of the current state of childhood obesity, established recommendations and future directions, centered on weight loss-specific dietary and exercise regimens pertinent to healthcare professionals, are further discussed.

Keywords

Childhood obesity Physical education Health education School lunch Health literacy Obesogenic Weight loss Glycemic index Glycemic load High-intensity interval training 

Abbreviations

AAHPERD

American Alliance for Health Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance

BMI

Body mass index

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CSA

Community supported agriculture

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

DGA

Dietary guidelines for Americans

FIT

Fitness integrated with teaching

GI

Glycemic index

GL

Glycemic load

HIIT

High-intensity interval training

HTN

Hypertension

HHFKA

Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act

IOM

Institute of Medicine

NAFLD

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

NSLP

National School Lunch Program

PE

Physical education

PEP

Physical Education Program

SHPPS

School Health Policies and Programs Study

TEE

Total energy expenditure

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

YRBS

Youth Risk Behavior Survey

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SaratogaUSA
  2. 2.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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