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Prevention Strategies for Obesity Among Children and Adults

  • Sara N. BleichEmail author
  • Pooja Singal
  • Tiffany L. Gary-Webb
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

This chapter synthesized the evidence related to obesity prevention interventions in the clinical, school, worksite, and community settings. Overall, there are not enough studies with consistent methods and outcomes to determine the impact of obesity prevention programs on body weight among adults or children. Of the four settings examined, the largest body of evidence was available for the school setting. This literature suggests that combined intervention approaches which include nutrition and physical activity, as well as a reduction in sedentary activities, result in significant reductions in body weight, particularly among older children (e.g., high school students). We also found that federal guidelines map well to best available evidence on obesity prevention, with the exception of the school setting, where more recent research reflects a need to update guidelines. Going forward, more research and consistent methods are needed to understand the comparative effectiveness of obesity prevention programs, particularly among populations at highest risk for excess body weight. In addition, published details on the processes required to implement obesity prevention interventions are needed in order to increase the translatability of the research and guide effective programs and policy.

Keywords

Obesity prevention Adults Children Federal guidelines Avoidance of weight gain 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara N. Bleich
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pooja Singal
    • 2
  • Tiffany L. Gary-Webb
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Health Policy and ManagementJohns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public HealthBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, School of MedicineJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyColumbia University Mailman School of Public HealthNew YorkUSA

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