The Impacts of Biofuels on the Economy, Environment, and Poverty

Volume 41 of the series Natural Resource Management and Policy pp 131-144


Political Economy of Biofuels

  • David ZilbermanAffiliated withDepartment of Agricultural and Resource Economics, College of Natural Resources, University of California, Berkeley Email author 
  • , Scott KaplanAffiliated withDepartment of Agricultural, Resource Economics at the University of California
  • , Gal HochmanAffiliated withDepartment of Agriculture, Food, and Resource Economics, Rutgers University
  • , Deepak RajagopalAffiliated withInstitute of Environment, University of California Los-Angeles

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While timber and other biomass have been the main sources of fuel for millennia, there has been an increasing emphasis on growing crops and converting feedstock to liquid fuels (Rajagopal et al. 2009) or for use in power plants. These new fuels were induced by government policies and often require a diversion of resources from agricultural to energy production. Analyzing the performance of biofuels and biofuel policies requires a political economic lens—this chapter will provide such a framework to assess biofuels.