• Steven Y. Liang
  • Albert J. Shih


Machining is the process to shape any raw material (workpiece), metal or nonmetal, into a part (product) or to improve the tolerance and surface finish of a previously formed workpiece by removing a portion of the raw material. This can be done either mechanically (turning, drilling, milling, grinding, water-jet machining, ultrasonic machining, etc.), chemically (chemical machining, electrochemical machining, etc.), electrically (electrical discharge machining), or thermally (laser machining, electron beam machining, etc.).


Dust Carbide Steam Brittle Tungsten 

Copyright information

© Springer 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Y. Liang
    • 1
  • Albert J. Shih
    • 2
  1. 1.George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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