Tier 3: Intensive Mathematics Intervention Strategies

  • Robin S. CoddingEmail author
  • Ryan Martin


The purpose of this chapter is to offer strategies for developing tier 3 treatment packages for students experiencing mathematics difficulties. There is a paucity of available standard protocol interventions that meet evidence-based expectations and current research is underway to address this gap. Types of mathematics challenges are reviewed and a general overview of the status of mathematics interventions is provided. The majority of this chapter describes six key elements of intensive mathematics intervention packages: (a) skill by treatment match; (b) explicit instruction; (c) self-instruction; (d) concrete–representation–abstract sequencing; (e) productive opportunities for practice; and (f) motivation. Corresponding evidence for the use of each of these strategies is described with emphasis on number combinations and fluency.


Treatment Package Mathematics Anxiety Treatment Match Acquisition Stage Skill Proficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Massachusetts-BostonBostonUSA

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