Substance Misuse and Abuse

  • Carl G. Leukefeld
  • Katherine R. Marks
  • William W. Stoops
  • Brady Reynolds
  • Clark Lester
  • Lisa Sanchez
  • Catherine A. Martin
Chapter

Abstract

Adolescent substance misuse and abuse have been the changing focus of the popular press in the United States and the general public since the late 1970s. A bio/psycho/social/spiritual theoretical perspective proposes a way of thinking about substance misuse and abuse. Using that perspective, this chapter provides an overview of selected factors related to adolescent substance misuse and abuse including etiology, prevention, and treatment. The chapter also overviews selected factors at the individual level, family level, and social/community level, which have been found to be associated with adolescent substance use and misuse. In addition, promising adolescent drug abuse prevention and treatment interventions are presented.

Keywords

Placebo Depression Dopamine Nicotine Cocaine 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Support is acknowledged from grant DA 016205 and from the National Institute on Drug Abuse and grant RR031263 from the National Center for Research Resources.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl G. Leukefeld
    • 1
  • Katherine R. Marks
    • 2
  • William W. Stoops
    • 3
  • Brady Reynolds
    • 3
  • Clark Lester
    • 4
  • Lisa Sanchez
    • 4
  • Catherine A. Martin
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Behavioral Science, Center on Drug and Alcohol ResearchUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Behavioral ScienceCollege of Medicine, University of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  5. 5.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Kentucky College of MedicineLexingtonUSA

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