The Epidemiologic Case-Crossover and Case–Control Approaches in Prevention Research
Point: If the evidence from prevention research is to be definitive, compelling, and translational into public health action, our studies must be tightly controlled and disciplined, perhaps even rigid. For this reason, within the prevention sciences, we tend to bite the tongue when our ideas track toward innovation in research approach.
KeywordsDementia Influenza Aspirin Adduct Cocaine
The preparation of this chapter was supported, in part, by a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) senior scientist and mentorship career award (K05DA015799). There are no other conflicts of interest to disclose. The content is the sole responsibility of the author and does not necessarily represent the official views of Michigan State University, NIDA, or the National Institutes of Health.
- Anthony, J. C. (1988). The epidemiologic case–control strategy, with applications in psychiatric research. In A. S. Henderson & G. D. Burrows (Eds.), Handbook of social psychiatry (pp. 157–171). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers.Google Scholar
- Anthony, J. C. (1990). Prevention research in the context of epidemiology, with a discussion of public health models. In P. Muehrer (Ed.), Conceptual research models for preventing mental disorders (pp. 1–32) (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1713). Washington, DC: GPO.Google Scholar
- Gordis, L. (2009). Epidemiology (4th ed.). Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders.Google Scholar
- Ialongo, N. (2002). Wedding the public health and clinical psychological perspective as a prevention scientist. Prevention and Treatment, 5(1), Article 4.Google Scholar
- Maclure, M. (1990). The case-crossover design: A method for studying transient effects of brief exposures on the risk of rare acute events. American Journal of Epidemiology, 132(4), 781–782.Google Scholar
- Mansoor, E., Morrow, C. E., Accornero, V. H., Xue, L., Johnson, A. L., Anthony, J. C., et al. (2012). Longitudinal effects of prenatal cocaine use on mother-child interactions at ages 3 and 5 years. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 33(1), 32–41.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Mortimer, J. A. (2012). The Nun Study: Risk factor for pathology and clinical-pathologic correlations. UK: Current Alzheimer Research. PMID: 22471869.Google Scholar
- Szklo, M., & Nieto, J. (2007). Epidemiology: Beyond the basics. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett.Google Scholar
- Thompson, M., Williams, J., Naleway, A., Li, D. K., Chu, S., Bozeman, S., et al. (2011). The pregnancy and influenza project: Design of an observational case-cohort study to evaluate influenza burden and vaccine effectiveness among pregnant women and their infants. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 204(6 Suppl 1), S69–S76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar