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Fipronil: Environmental Fate, Ecotoxicology, and Human Health Concerns

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Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT,volume 176)

Abstract

Fipronil is a commercial insecticide discovered and developed by Rhône-Poulenc between 1985 and 1987 and released to the market in 1993. It is a member of a relatively new and small class of pesticides, the phenyl pyrazoles or fiproles, which are principally chemicals having herbicidal effects (Rhône-Poulenc 1995). Fipronil, however, acts as an insecticide with contact and stomach action. It is highly effective against a variety of insect pests, but concerns have been voiced about its environmental and human health effects (USEPA 1996; World Bank 1998; Dinham 2000). Its use worldwide is increasing, and it has been actively marketed throughout a wide range of industrialized and developing countries (Anonymous 2000a–e).

Keywords

  • Integrate Pest Management
  • Acceptable Daily Intake
  • Boll Weevil
  • German Cockroach
  • Piperonyl Butoxide

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Tingle, C.C.D., Rother, J.A., Dewhurst, C.F., Lauer, S., King, W.J. (2003). Fipronil: Environmental Fate, Ecotoxicology, and Human Health Concerns. In: Ware, G.W. (eds) Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol 176. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4899-7283-5_1

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