Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS

  • Pauline Jeffree


The first recognized case of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) occurred in America in 1981. Reports began to appear of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and Kaposi’s sarcoma in young men. The young men in question were subsequently found to be both homosexual and immunocompromised.


Fatigue Depression Lymphoma Pneumonia Neuropathy 


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  1. Department of Health and Social Security Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens (1990) H.I.V. The causative agent of Aids and related conditions. 2nd revision of guidelines. DHSS.Google Scholar
  2. The Expert Advisory Group on Aids (1990) United Kingdom Health Departments Guidance for Clinical Health Care Workers. Protection Against Infection with HIV and Hepatitis Viruses, H.M.S.O.Google Scholar
  3. NHS. Management Executives HSG (1993) Protecting Health Care Workers and Patients from Hepatitis B. 40 DOH.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pauline Jeffree 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pauline Jeffree
    • 1
  1. 1.Elm House SurgeryBeckenhamUK

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