• Albert F. Ax
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


Psychophysiology is a branch of the neurosciences which extends the observation of behavior to those covert physiological responses of the organism relevant to the particular psychic state, or process, under investigation, the psychophysiological techniques of measurement assuring minimal disturbance to the natural functions involved. A guiding premise in psycho-physiological research is that psyche and soma are in symbolic relationship, and that this relationship, unlike classical causality, requires translation of the biobehavioral code, rather than simple correlation. In this research, the physiological measures are the dependent variables, and the psychological measure is the independent variable. In physiological psychology, by contrast, dependent and independent variables are reversed.


Autonomic Nervous System Physiological Psychology Operant Conditioning Criminal Court Minimal Disturbance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further reading

  1. Ax AF (1964): Goals and methods in psychophysiology. Psychophysiology 1: 8 - 25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Greenfield NS, Sternbach RA, eds. (1972): Handbook of Psychophysiology. New York: Holt, Rinehart & WinstonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert F. Ax

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