• Ronald S. Wilson
Part of the Readings from the Encyclopedia of Neuroscience book series (REN)


Intelligence is perhaps the most distinctive behavioral attribute of Homo sapiens, and in recent years by far the most controversial. It is the defining hallmark by which the human species has established preeminent control over the natural environment, and it is the principal capability possessed in greater degree by humans than by other primates. In species comparisons, intelligence is correlated with the amount of neural circuitry in the cerebral cortex that exceeds the requirements for sensorimotor coordination and regulation of vegetative functions. In the progression up the phylogenetic ladder, this encephalization quotient steadily increases, and so does intelligence.


Mental Development Sensorimotor Coordination Specific Cognitive Ability Encephalization Quotient Good School Performance 
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Further reading

  1. Abelson PH, Butz E (1984): Neurosciences. Science 225: 1253–1370 (special issue)Google Scholar
  2. Piaget J (1971): Biology and Knowledge. Chicago: University of Chicago PressGoogle Scholar
  3. Sternberg Ri (1982): Handbook of Human Intelligence. New York: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  4. Wilson RS (1978): Synchronies in mental development: An epigenetic perspective. Science 202: 939–948CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald S. Wilson

There are no affiliations available

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