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Cingulothalamic and Prefrontal Control of Autonomic Function

  • Shirley L. Buchanan
  • Donald A. Powell

Abstract

Well before the turn of the century, it was demonstrated that electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex could elicit changes in autonomic systems (Eulenburg and Landois, 1876; Spencer, 1894). In the intervening years, many studies have suggested that dorsal anterior cingulate (area 24) and medial prefrontal cortices participate in such autonomic adjustments. This review begins with the background evidence that these areas mediate autonomic responses, the pathways that underlie such responses, and methodologies by which their role in learning may be studied. In subsequent sections, the contributions of cingulate and prefrontal cortices, and their related thalamic nuclei, to specific autonomic responses in the rabbit are reported as are their role in learned autonomic responses.

Keywords

Conditioned Stimulus Classical Conditioning Nictitate Membrane Orient Reflex Unconditioned Stim 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shirley L. Buchanan
  • Donald A. Powell

There are no affiliations available

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