Practitioner knowledge in practitioner research

  • Jan Reed


One of the biggest issues facing practitioner researchers is the way in which their practitioner knowledge and identity affects the collection of data. Although it may be possible, when planning research, to maintain a degree of distance from the self, when actually in the field the self and its values, knowledge and habits have a disturbing tendency to intrude on the research. Many practitioner researchers become anxious about this bias and struggle to overcome, suppress or control it. The anxiety partly arises because the self and, in particular, the practitioner knowledge that it manifests, is seen as subjective and therefore out of place in an endeavour which is traditionally valued for its objective scientific status.


Practitioner Knowledge Medical Ward Practitioner Research Geriatric Ward Practitioner Observation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Glaser, B. G. and Strauss, A. L. (1967) The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Quantitative Research, Aldine Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  2. Hunt, M. (1991) Being friendly and informal; reflected in nurses’, terminally ill patients’ and relatives’ conversations at home. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 16, 929–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Knorr-Cetina, K. (1983) The ethnographic study of scientific work: towards a constructionist interpretation of science, in Science Observed: Perspectives on the Social Study of Science, (eds K. Korr-Cetina and M. Mulkay), Sage, London, pp. 115–40.Google Scholar
  4. MacLeod, M. L. P. (1990) Experience in Everyday Nursing Practice: a Study of “Experienced” Surgical Ward Sisters, Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh.Google Scholar
  5. Maturana, H. R. (1991) Science and daily life: the ontology of scientific explanations, in Research and Reflexivity, (ed F. Steier), Sage, London, pp. 30–52.Google Scholar
  6. Murphy, J.W. and Longino, C.F. Jr (1992) What is the justification for a qualitative approach to ageing studies? Ageing and Society, 12, 143–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Pearsall, M. (1965) Participant observation as role and method in behavioural research. Nursing Research, 14(1), 37–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Reed, L. (1989) All Dressed Up and Nowhere to Go: Nursing Assessment in Geriatric Wards, Unpublished PhD thesis, Newcastle Polytechnic.Google Scholar
  9. Steier, F. (1991a) Introduction: research as self-reflexivity, self-reflexivity as social process, in Research and Reflexivity, (ed F. Steier), Sage, London, pp. 1–11.Google Scholar
  10. Steier, F. (1991b) Reflexivity and methodology: an ecological constructionism, in Research and Reflexivity, (ed F. Steier), Sage, London, pp. 163–85.Google Scholar
  11. Thom, R. (1990) Semio Physics, Addison Wesley, Redwood City CA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Reed

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations