Surgical anatomy of the vagus nerves
From the perspective of operative surgery of the upper gastrointestinal tract, the important aspects of vagal anatomy are relationships and distribution in the cervical and upper mediastinal regions and at and below the diaphragmatic hiatus. Central vagal anatomy, therefore, will not be dealt with in any detail. The importance of the cervical anatomy of the vagus relates to the need to protect the vagus and its laryngeal branches during surgery on the upper oesophagus. A thorough knowledge of vagal anatomy at the hiatus is essential for the performance of various types of vagotomy.
KeywordsVagus Nerve Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Superior Thyroid Artery Selective Vagotomy Hepatic Branch
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