Perforation of the oesophagus

  • Carlos A. Pellegrini
  • Olivier Huber


Perforation of the oesophagus can be fatal unless diagnosed promptly and treated effectively1–3. The most common causes of perforation are passing instruments down the oesophagus, especially during forced dilatation of an oesophageal stricture1–3, followed by external trauma due to stab or gunshot wounds. Other causes include the ‘spontaneous’ or emetogenic disruption of the oesophagus (Boerhaave syndrome — first described by Hermann Boerhaave (1668–1738) in the Baron of Wasenaar), perforation of an oesophageal cancer, sloughing of oesophageal wall after injection sclerotherapy of oesophageal varices and infectious processes in immunocompromised patients.


Esophageal Perforation Heller Myotomy Pneumatic Dilatation Injection Sclerotherapy Thoracic Inlet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos A. Pellegrini
    • 1
  • Olivier Huber
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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