Crystallization of Barium Aluminum Borate Glasses—Rhodium as a Specific Catalyst

  • C. H. Greene
  • R. L. Wahlers
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR)


Experimental work is described on the nucleation and crystallization of various BaO-B2O3-Al2O3 glasses both with and without metallic nucleating agents. Previous studies of the crystallization behavior of glasses are reviewed. Experiments are reported which indicate that small additions of metallic rhodium catalyzed internal crystallization in glasses of the barium aluminum borate system. Other noble metals were studied, but none was as effective as rhodium.


Noble Metal Nucleus Formation Bulk Crystallization Aluminum Borate Critical Size Nucleus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    S. D. Stookey, “Catalyzed Crystallization of Glass in Theory and Practice,” in: Glasstech. Ber., 32K, V. Internationaler Glaskongress (fifth International Congress on Glass), Verlag der Deutschen Glastechnischen Gesellschaft, Frankfurt am Main, 1959, pp. V/1–8.Google Scholar
  2. 1a.
    S. D. Stookey (Corning Glass Works), “Method of Making Ceramics and Product Thereof,” U. S. Pat. 2, 920,971, January 12, 1960.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    G. Tammann, Der Glaszustand (The Glassy State), Leopold Voss, Leipzig, 1933.Google Scholar
  4. 2a.
    G. Tammann, Kristallisieren und Schmelzen (Crystallization and Fusion), J. A. Barth, Leipzig, 1903.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    M. Volmer and A. Weber, “Nucleus Formation in Supersaturated Systems,” Z. Physik. Chem. 119: 277–301 (1926).Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    R. Becker and W. Doring, “The Kinetic Treatment of Nucleus Formation in Supersaturated Vapors,” Ann. Physik 24: 719–52 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 5.
    M. Volmer and H. Flood, “Formation of Droplets in Vapors,” Z. Physik. Chem. A170: 273–85 (1934).Google Scholar
  8. 6.
    D. Turnbull and J. C. Fisher, “Rate of Nucleation in Condensed Systems,” J. Chem. Phys. 17: 71–73 (1949).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 7.
    D. Turnbull and B. Vonnegut, “Nucleation Catalysis,” Ind. Eng. Chem. 44: 1292–8 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 8.
    D. Turnbull, “Kinetics of solidification of Supercooled Liquid-Mercury Droplets,” J. Chem. Phys. 20: 411–24 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 9.
    W. B. Hillig, “The Kinetics of Freezing in Ice in the Direction Perpendicular to the Basal Plane,” in: Growth and Perfection of Crystals (R. H. Doremus, B. W. Roberts, and D. Turnbull, eds.), John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1958, p. 356.Google Scholar
  12. 10.
    W. B. Hillig and D. Turnbull, “Theory of Crystal Growth in Undercooled Pure Liquids,” J. Chem. Phys. 24: 914 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 11.
    B. Chalmers, Principles of Solidification, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1964.Google Scholar
  14. 12.
    H. D. Keith and F. J. Padden, “A Phenomenological Theory of Spherulitic Crystallization,” J. Applied Phys. 34(8): 2409 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 13.
    J. W. Cahn and J. E. Hilliard. J. Chem. Phys. 31: 688 (1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 14.
    J. F. Schairer, “Phase Equilibria with Particular Reference to Silicate Systems”, in: Physicochemical Measurements at High Temperatures (J. O. Bockris et al., eds.), Butterworth and Co., London, 1959, Chapter 5.Google Scholar
  17. 15.
    R. L. Wahlers, “Nucleation and Crystallization of Glasses in a Portion of the BaO-B2O3-Al2O3 System,” Ph.D. Thesis, Alfred University, 1967.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. H. Greene
    • 1
  • R. L. Wahlers
    • 2
  1. 1.Glass Department, State University of New York College of CeramicsAlfred UniversityAlfredUSA
  2. 2.International Resistance Division T.R.W.PhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations